Rat-bite Fever

Description
  • Streptobacillus moniliformis bacteria found on the gums and teeth of rats
Cause
  • Fever after getting bit by a rat
  • Drinking milk or ingesting food contaminated by rat excrement
Symptoms


2–10 days after exposure:

  • Abrupt onset of chills and fever
  • Vomiting
  • Back and joint pain
  • Headache
  • Muscle pain

2–4 days after onset of fever:

  • A rash on the hands and feet
  • Joints may become swollen, red and painful
Treatment
  • Seek medical attention from a physician
Prevention
  • Avoid contact with rats
  • Wear protective gloves and wash hands immediately after handling rats
  • Drink pasteurized milk and water from safe sources