Rabies

Description
  • Rhabdovirus that is carried by certain carnivorous mammals and bats
Location
  • Worldwide, except Australia and Antarctica
Cause
  • Acute disease from a bite by an infected animal
  • Considered fatal
Symptoms
  • Brain infection
Treatment
  • Immediately scrub the bite wound with soap and water
  • Apply a strong first aid solution (such as iodine) or cream
  • Seek medical attention from a physician
Prevention
  • Get vaccinated before possible contact with infected animals
  • Avoid contact with possible infected animals
Handling
Animals    


Wild animals may behave unusually.
Dumb rabies: Causes tremors and convulsions
Furious rabies: Causes aggressive behavior before convulsions and paralysis set in
Behavioral changes:

  • Friendliness
  • Loss of fear, appearance in the daytime (for nocturnal animals)
  • Unprovoked attacks
  • Bewilderment aimless wandering
  • Unusual barking, crying and frothing at the mouth
Other Facts
  • Can infect all warm-blooded animals
  • Most cases are from dogs and cats
  • Once infected, the virus spreads to the brain and then to other organs