Plague

Description
  • Yersinia pestis bacteria transmitted by fleas
  • Exposure to tissues or body fluids from diseased animals
Location
  • Southwestern part of the United States
Cause
  • Acute disease from getting bitten by an infected flea
Symptoms
  • High fever 
  • Headache
  • Muscle aches
  • Lethargy
  • Sudden onset of fever and chills
  • Swollen and painful lymph nodes in the armpits, groin and other areas two to six days following exposure
  • Could also lead to primary plague pneumonia.
Treatment
  • Seek medical attention from a physician
Prevention
  • Spray skin with insect repellents
  • Treat field clothes with permethrin
Other Facts


Animal hosts include:

  • Prairie dogs
  • Rabbits
  • Hares
  • Carnivores 
  • Wild ungulates


284 cases were reported between 1970–90, 50 percent of which were reported in New Mexico