Other Tick-borne Diseases

Human Ehrlichiosis

Cause
  • Ehrlichia chaffeensis transmitted by ticks
Symptoms
  • Acute fever with headache
  • Muscle ache
  • Nausea
Treatment
  • Seek medical attention from a physician
Prevention
  • Avoid tick-infested habitats during spring and early summer.
  • Use personal protection, such as wearing pants and shirts with long sleeves.
Other Facts

 

  • In 1991 there were 262 cases and 4 deaths reported in four states in the United States, mostly occurring in Missouri and Oklahoma.

Powassan Encephalitis

Cause
  • Flavivirus transmitted by ticks
Symptoms

 

  • Sudden onset of fever
  • Sore throat
  • Sleepiness
  • Headache
  • Disorientation


Encephalitis, meningitis and partial paralysis may develop.

Treatment
  • Seek medical attention from a physician
Prevention
  • Avoid tick-infested habitats during spring and early summer.
  • Use personal protection, such as wearing pants and shirts with long sleeves.
Other Facts

Animal hosts include:

  • Marmots
  • Sciurid rodents
  • Rabbits
  • Hares
  • Carnivores
  • Birds

Only 19 cases have been reported, which were in New York, Pennsylvania, Ontario and Quebec.

Babesiosis

Description
  • Protozoan disease
Location
  • Coastal areas of New England and adjacent offshore islands
Cause
  • Transmitted by wild rodents, especially white-footed mice.
Symptoms
  • Gradual onset of fever
  • Sweating
  • Loss of appetite
  • Fatigue
  • General muscle ache 
  • Possible prolonged anemia
Treatment
  • Seek medical attention from a physician
Prevention
  • Avoid tick-infested habitats during spring and early summer.
  • Use personal protection, such as wearing pants and shirts with long sleeves.