Lyme Disease

Description
  • Borrelia burgdorferi bacteria from ticks
Location
  • Mountains or highlands regions of western states and western Canada that contain rocky surfaces with moderate shrub cover and scattered pines
Cause
  • Bite by an infected tick
Symptoms

 

  • Headache
  • Slight fever
  • Muscle or joint pain
  • Neck stiffness
  • Swollen glands
  • Jaw discomfort
  • Inflammation of the eye membranes
  • A rash (erythema migrans) occurs in 65–75% of cases. The rash often looks like a bulls-eye with central clearing and/or darkening around the edge.
  • Additional skin lesions may appear in order areas and could last for days or weeks
  • Heart, nervous system and joint manifestations may develop if untreated
Treatment
  • Seek medical attention from a physician
Prevention
  • Avoid tick-infested habitats during spring and early summer
  • Use personal protection, such as wearing pants and shirts with long sleeves
Other Facts
  • Over 9,000 cases were reported in 1992 in the northeastern and upper Midwest states in the United States, which were caused by the deer tick.